Henry Apgar is President of MCR Technologies in El Segundo, California, USA. He supports commercial clients in developing and executing acquisition initiatives intended to reduce program cost or constraining program costs while still achieving major program objectives. He has spent a lifetime in the pursuit of program affordability and has acted as Affordability Manager for several major aerospace programs.
Henry has been a dedicated PRICE Models user since 1978 and has made several presentations at other PRICE Symposia. He was a founder of the International Society of Parametric Analysts (ISPA).
Previously, he worked for The Aerospace Corporation where he managed cost analysis research projects for the US Air Force Space and Missile Systems Center.
Henry has a BS degree in electrical engineering and an MBA.

Dr. Barry Boehm served within the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) from 1989 to 1992 as director of the DARPA Information Science and Technology Office and as director of the DDR&E Software and Computer Technology Office. He worked at TRW from 1973 to 1989, culminating as chief scientist of the Defense Systems Group, and at the Rand Corporation from 1959 to 1973, culminating as head of the Information Sciences Department. He entered the software field at General Dynamics in 1955.

His current research interests involve recasting systems and software engineering into a value-based framework, including processes, methods, tools, and an underlying theory and process for value-based systems and software definition, architecting, development, validation, and evolution. His contributions to the field include the Constructive Cost Model (COCOMO®) family of systems and software engineering estimation models, the Spiral Model and Incremental Commitment Model of the systems and software engineering process, and the Theory W (win-win) approach to systems and software management and requirements determination. He has received the ACM Distinguished Research Award in Software Engineering and the IEEE Harlan Mills Award, and an honorary ScD in Computer Science from the University of Massachusetts. He is a Fellow of the primary professional societies in computing (ACM), aerospace (AIAA), electronics (IEEE), and systems engineering (INCOSE), and a member of the U.S. National Academy of Engineering.

TRW Professor of Software Engineering, Computer Science Department, USC Director, USC Center for Systems and Software Engineering B.A., Math, Harvard, 1957; Ph.D., Math, UCLA, 1964

Winsor Brown has extensive experience with process improvement, software engineering and training, including Fagan's inspections, results driven evolutionary planning, relational databases, object oriented technology, and Personal Software Process. He has a Master of Science in Electrical Engineering from California Institute of Technology and a Bachelor of Engineering Science from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. During his career, Winsor has been involved in such programs as International Space Station SEPG, C-17 Software Program Management, software engineering technology transfer at Douglas Aircraft Co., Modula-2 for Volition Systems, and UCSD Pascal for General Automation. Winsor has over 25 years of experience in software development, engineering and management; it was gained in aerospace, industrial and commercial applications.

Winsor has taught and developed software engineering related professional development courses. He has taught for West Coast University, UCI Extension, and most recently upper division information systems courses and graduate level software engineering courses at the University of Southern California. He has leadership positions in LA SPIN hosted by USC-CSE, So. Cal. SPIN hosted by UCI-IRUS, and LA Metro SIGSoft (Special Interest Group on Software Engineering). He has had leadership positions in Southern California Client/Server Users Group, Object Oriented Developers Association, AIAA Technical Committee on Software Systems, and LA ACM SIGAda.

Dr. Zhihao Chen is a senior research scientist at Motorola ARC (Applied Research Center). He has been working with software and system engineering issues since 2000. He has a PhD from the University of Southern California. His recent research concerns software engineering about policy/rule system, event-driven service oriented architecture, and modeling and learning with a particular focus on light weight modeling methods. His doctoral research aimed at improving the validation of, possibly inconsistent, knowledge-based systems, and empirical methods and model integration. His research areas extend from software and system engineering to data mining and machine learning fields. He  has been in the IT industry (such as HP, CA, EMC, and Motorola) for more than 10 years since 1994. 

Jared Fortune is a third year Ph.D. with the Center for Systems and Software Engineering at the University of Southern California. His dissertation research topic is on systems engineering reuse and the development of the COSYSMO 2.0 tool.  In addition to his Ph.D. studies, Jared has worked full-time at The Aerospace Corporation for three years in the Economic and Market Analysis Center, part of the Systems Engineering Division, and was awarded an Advanced Degree Fellowship by the corporation. Jared received his Bachelors and Masters in Industrial and Systems Engineering from USC, and is preparing to take the Qualifying Exam at the end of October.

John Gaffney is a Software Engineering Consultant, at Lockheed Martin, Mission Systems in Rockville, MD. He provides support to Lockheed Martin organizations in software and systems measurement. Earlier, he worked at the Software Productivity Consortium where he started the measurement program. Previously, he worked at IBM. He has taught at Polytechnic University, Brooklyn, NY and at Johns Hopkins. He holds a BA from Harvard, and MS from Stevens Institute of Technology, and is a Registered Professional Engineer (Electrical) in the District of Columbia.

Dr. Jairus M. Hihn is a Principal Member of the Engineering staff at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory and is currently the manager for the Software Quality Improvement Projects Measurement Estimation and Analysis Element, which is establishing a laboratory wide software metrics and software estimation program at JPL. M&E’s objective is to enable the emergence of a quantitative software management culture at JPL. He has been developing estimation models and providing software and mission level cost estimation support to JPL’s Deep Space Network and flight projects since 1988. He has extensive experience and well over sixty publications in simulation and Monte Carlo methods with applications in the areas of decision analysis, institutional change, R&D project selection cost modeling, and process models.

Jairus has a Ph.D. in Economics with principle application areas in econometrics and mathematical economics. His dissertation used monte carlo methods in developing a R&D project selection model. Jairus was on the Faculty at UC Berkeley in the Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics where he co-developed a new statistical technique based on the semivariance of a probability distribution for use in estimating agricultural production and income risks; was the co-author on several papers which formally applied catastrophe theory to the analysis of political instability in third world countries using both non-parametric and maximum likelihood methods.


Danny Ho is an independent management consultant and adviser for two startup companies. Prior to this, he held senior management and technical positions with Motorola Canada Limited, Nortel Networks Corporation and IBM Canada Limited. He is also appointed as an Adjunct Research Professor at the Department of Software Engineering, the University of Western Ontario (UWO) and University of Ontario Institute of Technology (UoIT).  He is currently a member of the Professional Engineers Ontario (PEO) and a Project Management Professional (PMP).

His presentation is entitled “A Neuro-Fuzzy Model with SEER-SEM for Software Effort Estimation.”

Ms. Jo Ann Lane is currently an instructor at San Diego State University, teaching Software Engineering,Software Measurement, Software Test, and Management of Software Development courses. Prior to joining the SDSU Computer Science faculty, Ms. Lane was a key technical member of Science Applications International Corporation’s (SAIC) Software and Systems Integration Group, as well as chairperson of the SAIC corporate Software Metrics Working Group.

Her areas of expertise include software project management, software process definition and implementation, and metrics collection and analysis. She has over 30 years of software engineering and development experience on a variety of projects that include management information, commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) integration, web applications, distributed processing, health care/telemedicine applications, command, control, communications, and intelligence (C3I) systems, real-time signal processing, and aircraft simulation programs.

Ms. Lane earned her MS degree in Computer Science from San Diego State University and is currently working on her PhD at USC in System Architecting and Engineering with an emphasis on software-intensive systems.

Dan Ligett is the founder and President of Softstar Systems, where his
work includes software development and model refinement.

He has more than 30 years of software development experience.

He worked for five years as a Software Engineer for Eastman Kodak, where
he developed embedded systems, including blood analyzers.

He spent three years at Wang Institute integrating software tools into
the software engineering curriculum.

Dan is a member of the USC CSSE Affiliates program, he is a member of
the COSYSMO Working Group, and he has served on the Program Committee
for the COCOMO® Forum since 1985.

He received his B.S. in Chemistry and Mathematics from Carnegie-Mellon
University, and his Masters in Software Engineering from the Wang
Institute of Graduate Studies.

Dr. Raymond Madachy is a Research Assistant Professor in the Industrial and Systems Engineering Department and Principal of the USC Center for Systems and Software Engineering.  Prior to full-time research at USC he was Chief Science Officer at Cost Xpert Group.  Previously he was Chief Scientist at C-bridge Institute, where he led consulting and training in software methodologies and economic analysis.  Before that he was manager of the Software Engineering Process Group at at Litton Guidance and Control Systems achieving SEI CMM Level 4 after being the lead for software metrics, cost estimation and risk management at Litton Data Systems.  He has also served as a Visiting Scientist with the Software Engineering Institute

He wrote the book Software Process Dynamics and is a co-author of Software Cost Estimation with COCOMO® II.  His consulting clients have included Chevron, Northrop-Grumman, Seagate, Motorola, Lucent, USAA, Blue Cross and other Fortune 500 firms.  He has also performed as an expert witness on software cost, quality and contractual disputes.

He completed his Ph.D. in Industrial and Systems Engineering at USC in 1994. For his dissertation research, he developed a software project dynamics model for process cost, schedule and risk assessment. He also has an M.S. in Systems Science from the University of California, San Diego and a B.S. in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Dayton. He is a senior member of IEEE, ACM, INCOSE, Tau Beta Pi, Pi Tau Sigma, serves on the program committees for the International Forum on COCOMO® and Software Cost Modeling, the SPW/ProSim workshop, and has served on program committees for several other conferences. He previously served on the LA Software Process Improvement Network (SPIN) steering committee.

He lives with his wife Nancy and twin daughters in San Diego, CA. Ray enjoys bicycling and hiking up mountains in his spare time.

Vu Nguyen is a graduate student at Computer Science Department, University of Southern California (USC). His study specializes on Software Engineering including software development methodologies, software project management and software economics. This field of computer science tries to answer many tough questions such as how to build software products not only within the budget, schedule and on time but also satisfying customers', users' needs, yielding benefits for customers, users and other related parties, and so on.

Prior to joining USC, he worked for Paragon Solutions Vietnam, Ho Chi Minh city, Vietnam for almost five years. If you are interested, you are welcome to refer his resume here.

Andrew Nolan joined Rolls-Royce in 1989 after completing a degree at Sheffield University (UK) in computer science.  He is a Fellow of the British Computer Society and a chartered Software Engineer.  He has spent over 22 years in software development and project management.

Andrew is the Chief of Software Improvement for Rolls-Royce based in the UK and is a certified Sis Sigma Black Belt.    His specialism is in software measurement, estimation, risk management, project management and improvement.

Richard W. Selby is the Head of Software Products at Northrop Grumman Space Technology in Redondo Beach, CA. He manages a 250-person software organization and has served in this position since 2001. Previously, he was the Chief Technology Officer and Senior Vice President at Pacific Investment Management Company (PIMCO) in Newport Beach, CA where he managed a 105-person organization for three years. From 1985-1998, he was a Full Professor of Information and Computer Science (with tenure) at the University of California in Irvine, CA (UC Irvine).

Since 2004, he has held an adjunct faculty position at the USC Computer Science Department in Los Angeles, CA. In 1993, he held visiting faculty positions at the MIT Laboratory for Computer Science and MIT Sloan School of Management in Cambridge, MA, and in 1992, he held a visiting faculty position at the Osaka University Department of Computer Science in Osaka, Japan.

His research focuses on development and management of large-scale systems, software, and processes. He has authored over 95 refereed publications and given over 190 invited presentations at professional meetings. At Northrop, he led the $3 billion company to a successful enterprise-wide rating of Capability Maturity Model Integration (CMMI) Level 5 for Software. At PIMCO, he led the $1 billion company to be ranked as the fourth most innovative technology organization in financial services, according to Wall Street & Technology. At UC Irvine, he co-authored an international best-selling book that analyzed Microsoft’s technology, strategy, and management that was entitled Microsoft Secrets: How the World’s Most Powerful Software Company Creates Technology, Shapes Markets, and Manages People. The book, written with Michael Cusumano, has been translated into 12 languages, has 150,000 copies in print, and was ranked as a #6 best-seller in Business Week. He received his Ph.D. and M.S. degrees in Computer Science from the University of Maryland, College Park, MD in 1985 and 1983, respectively. He received his B.A. degree in Mathematics from St. Olaf College, Northfield, MN in 1981.

Sherry Stukes is a Software Systems Engineer/Task Manager at The Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California.  She specializes in software estimating and in software data collection in support of process improvement initiatives. Sherry manages a research project that will provide a software estimating tool for NASA Headquarters, which is not dependant on software lines of code (SLOC). 
Some of Ms. Stukes prior accomplishments include: development and maintenance of two large databases for the Air Force Space and Missile Systems Center (AF SMC): the Operations and Support Database (OSDB) and the Software Database (SWDB); instructor for the Army Logistics Management College (ALMC) Software Estimating Models course; and advisor to Air Force Institute of Technology (AFIT) students conducting thesis projects in the area of software model calibration.  Ms. Stukes was the 1997 International Society of Parametric Analysts (ISPA) Parametrician of the year.
Ms. Stukes holds a BS degree in Business Administration from California State University, Long Beach and an MBA from California Lutheran University.

Ricardo Valerdi is a Research Associate in the Lean Aerospace Initiative and a Lecturer in the Engineering Systems Division at MIT.  He is also the co-founder of the Systems Engineering Advancement Research Initiative (SEAri) which was launched in 2007.

He received his B.S./B.A. in Electrical Engineering from the University of San Diego in 1999, and his M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in Systems Architecting and Engineering from USC in 2002 and 2005.  Between 1999 and 2002, he worked as a systems engineer at Motorola where he was responsible for the design and implementation of mission critical public safety communications systems for clients such as the Los Angeles Police Department, Orange County Sheriff, and San Diego Police Department.  He has been affiliated with the Aerospace Corporation's Economic and Market Analysis Center as a Member of the Technical Staff since 2003 where he supports cost analysis of programs for the Air Force's Space and Missile Systems Center at the Los Angeles Air Force Base.

His current research interests include systems engineering cost estimation, system level metrics and models, dynamics in large-scale government system acquisition, and system-of-systems ontologies.  His contributions to the field include the Constructive Systems Engineering Cost Model (COSYSMO), a model for estimating systems engineering effort, which has been calibrated with data provided by BAE Systems, Boeing, General Dynamics, L-3 Communications, Lockheed Martin, Northrop Grumman, Raytheon, and SAIC.

He is the author of over 45 technical publications which have appeared in IEEE, AIAA, and INCOSE conferences.  His work has appeared in several journals, including Journal of Systems Engineering, Journal of Systems and Software, and CrossTalk - The Journal of Defense Software Engineering.  He has also served as a reviewer for IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management and IEEE Software.  He served as Program Chair of the 20th Forum on COCOMO® and Software Cost Modeling and is involved with INCOSE in the Measurement Working Group, the Systems Engineering & Architecting Doctoral Student Network, and since 2007 serves on the Board of Directors as Associate Director for International Growth.  He is a Visiting Associate at the Center for Systems & Software Engineering at USC.

Ye Yangis an Associate Professor in the Institute of Software at the Chinese Academy of Sciences (ISCAS). She received her B.S. degrees in both Computer Science and Economics from Peking University in 1994, and her M.S. in Computer Science from ISCAS in 1998, and her Ph.D. in Computer Science from USC in 2006.

 Her research interests include software process, software measurement and metrics, software engineering cost modeling, software product lines, requirement engineering, and empirical software engineering methods.

 Contact her at:


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